Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
US Vereinigte Staaten von Amerika, Estados Unidos de América, États-Unis d'Amérique, Stati Uniti d'America, United States of America
Years - Monate, Meses, Mois, Mesi, Months - Wochen, Semanas, Semaines, Settimane, Weeks - Tage, Días, Jours, Giorni, Days - YYYY-02

YYYY-02

YYYY-02
National Geographic February

(E?)(L?) http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2006/02/table-of-contents


(E?)(L?) http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/02/table-of-contents


(E?)(L?) http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2008/02/table-of-contents


(E?)(L?) http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2009/02/table-of-contents


2000-02
African-American History Month

Im Jahr 2000 erklärte Präsident Clinton den Februar offiziell zum "African-American History Month".

Bereits im Jahr 1979 wurde der Februar in Toronto, und 1995 in ganz Kanada, zum "Black History Month" erklärt.

Erinnert wird damit an eine Aktion am 01. Februar 1960, bei der 4 Studenten in NOrth Carolina, USA, friedlich degen die Rassentrennung in Restaurants - und letztlich in allen Bereichen des öffentlichen Lebens - demonstrierten.

"February" was first proclaimed as "Black History Month" in "Toronto" in "1979" due to the efforts of the "OBHS" ("Ontario Black History Society"); under Sadlier's leadership, the "OBHS" obtained the formal proclamation of "February" as "Black History Month" at the "Ontario" level and initiated the national declaration in Canada - effective December, "1995".

(E?)(L?) http://usgovinfo.about.com/library/news/blbhm2000.htm

Presidential Proclamation
The following is the complete text of the Proclamation issued by President Clinton on 1/31/2000:

THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release January 31, 2000
NATIONAL AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY MONTH, 2000
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION

Each year during "National African American History Month", as we explore the history and culture of African Americans, we discover anew a treasure of stories about the triumph of the human spirit, inspiring accounts of everyday people rising above the indignities imposed by prejudice. These stories are not only an important part of African American history, but an essential part of American history.
...
Forty years ago this month, a new chapter in African American history was written. On February 1, 1960, four courageous young men - freshmen at North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College in Greensboro - sat down at a segregated lunch counter in a local store and politely refused to leave until they were served. Their nonviolent action challenged a barrier that, symbolically and practically, had separated black and white Americans for decades and denied equal treatment to African American citizens. The extraordinary bravery and determination of Ezell Blair, Jr., Franklin McCain, Joseph McNeil, and David Richmond galvanized young men and women of conscience across America, setting in motion a series of student sit-ins in more than 50 cities and 9 States. Subjecting themselves to verbal abuse, physical violence, and unjust arrest, thousands of black and white students peacefully demonstrated to end segregation in restaurants, theaters, concert halls, and public transportation and called for equality in housing, health care, and education. Their story of conscience and conviction and their ultimate triumph continue to inspire us today.
...
NOW, THEREFORE, I, WILLIAM J. CLINTON, President of the United States of America, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and laws of the United States, do hereby proclaim "February 2000" as "National African American History Month". I call upon public officials, educators, librarians, and all the people of the United States to observe this month with appropriate ceremonies, activities, and programs that raise awareness and appreciation of African American history.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this thirty-first day of January, in the year of our Lord two thousand, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and twenty-fourth.

WILLIAM J. CLINTON


(E?)(L?) http://afroamhistory.about.com/blblackhistorymonth.htm


(E?)(L?) http://inventors.about.com/library/weekly/aa020600Ng.htm


(E?)(L?) http://usgovinfo.about.com/library/weekly/aa020600b.htm


(E?)(L?) http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/english/exhibits/black_history/index.html


YYYY-02-01

1709-02-01
Robinson Crusoe Day

(E?)(L?) http://www.umich.edu/~urecord/9899/Feb01_99/crusoe.htm

...
February 1 is probably best known as the day before the shadow-seeking mammal emerges to predict how long winter will last. But it also is the day that has been designated "Robinson Crusoe Day," to commemorate the anniversary of the rescue in 1709 of Alexander Selkirk.
...


YYYY-02-02

1887-02-02 - G
Groundhog Day
Groundhogese
Punxsutawney Phil
(W3)

Engl. "Groundhog Day", dt. "Murmeltiertag",

"Groundhog Day" if the "ground hog" emerges and sees his shadow on this day, there will be 6 more weeks of winter

Das dt. "Waldmurmeltier", bot. "Marmota Monax" heißt auch engl. "Woodchuck". Die Bezeichnung "Woodchuck" ist jedoch keine Übersetzung von dt. "Waldmurmeltier" oder Holzwurf" sondern geht zurück auf ein Algonquian-Wort (verwandt mit Narragansett) "ockqutchaun". Die Europäer machten daraus engl. "Woodchuck".

Rund um das Städtchen "Punxsutawney" im US-Bundesstaat Pennsylvania ging im Jahr 1887 eine Gruppe junger Männer im nahegelegenen Wald auf einen Hügel, um dort einem "Murmeltier" aufzulauern.

Seitdem gilt das "Groundhog", wie das "Murmeltier" im Englischen heisst als wetter-kompetent. Der Hügel mit dem Namen "Gobblers Knob" wurde zum Mekka der Murmeltier-Anhänger. "Punxsutawney" nennt sich inzwischen stolz "Welthauptstadt des Wetters" und feiert jährlich den "Groundhog Day".


Today's celebration — by whatever name — has long been associated with weather predictions. According to a Scottish rhyme, "If Candlemas Day is bright and clear / There'll be two winters in the year." And Americans are familiar with the "Groundhog Day" guarantee—or prediction: "If the groundhog sees his shadow, we will have six more weeks of winter."

"Candlemas" comes from the "candles" blessed and carried in processions during the religious "feast" (or "mass") that originally commemorated the presentation of Christ in the temple.

As for "groundhog", that 18th-century compound comes, as you might have expected, from combining "ground" plus "hog"; and indeed, the grizzled thickset "marmot" is pretty low to the ground. But where does the synonymous (but older) "woodchuck" come from? Although you might guess that 17th-century coinage was created by pairing "wood" with "chuck", it wasn't. "Woodchuck" has an ancestor in an Algonquian word akin to the Narragansett "ockqutchaun"; when Europeans in the New World tried to pronounce that unfamiliar sound, they transformed it into something more familiars to their ears.



"groundhog"; "woodchuck".

American settlers named the "marmot", or "woodchuck" ("Arctomys monax"), the "groundhog", perhaps because this member of the squirrel family seems "hoggish" in the way he burrows through the ground. Or, possibly, "groundhog" is a translation of the Dutch "aardvark" made by Dutch settlers in America, even though the South African "aardvark", or "earth hog", is a larger burrowing animal than the "groundhog". The "groundhog" isn’t a "hog" then, but his other American name, "woodchuck", is no more accurate, for he doesn’t chuck wood, either, a fact even the old tongue twister implies:

“How much wood would a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?”

"Woodchuck" has no connection with "wood" at all, simply deriving from the Cree Indian word "wuchuk" or "otchock" for another animal, the fisher, or pekan, which early settlers corrupted finally to "woodchuck" and applied through mistaken identity to the "groundhog".

"Groundhog Day".

February 2, when the "groundhog" is supposed to come out of his hole to evaluate the weather. If he sees his shadow winter will last six weeks more; if he doesn’t, there will be an early spring.



...
European Roots (Adapted from "Groundhog Day: 1886 to 1992" by Bill Anderson)

Groundhog Day, February 2nd, is a popular tradition in the United States. It is also a legend that traverses centuries, its origins clouded in the mists of time with ethnic cultures and animals awakening on specific dates. Myths such as this tie our present to the distant past when nature did, indeed, influence our lives. It is the day that the Groundhog comes out of his hole after a long winter sleep to look for his shadow.

If he sees it, he regards it as an omen of six more weeks of bad weather and returns to his hole.
If the day is cloudy and, hence, shadowless, he takes it as a sign of spring and stays above ground.

There was a medieval superstition that all hibernating animals came out on Candlemas to check the weather. If they could see their shadows, it meant that winter would go on for another six weeks. The most famous forecaster in the U.S. is "Punxsutawney Phil", a legendary groundhog in Pennsylvania believed to be nearly a century old. Thousands of people trek up to Phil's burrow on February 2 and get the news directly from him. Numerous events take place in Punxsutawney surrounding February 2, including parties, live entertainment, and a winter carnival.


(E?)(L?) https://archidose.blogspot.com/2011/02/groundhog-dayall-over-again.html

Groundhog Day...All Over Again

Watching The Good Wife this evening (yes, I'll admit I watch it), I noticed something familiar, a view of a street that looked straight out of "Groundhog Day", one of my favorite movies. A couple minutes research on the 'net and what did I find? It's lifted straight from the film!
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.bdb.co.za/shackle/archives/archive_0704.htm#punxsut

Will Punxsutawney Phil wake up too soon? 0702


(E?)(L?) https://www.definitions.net/definition/Groundhog+Day

groundhog day


(E?)(L?) https://www.dictionary.com/browse/groundhog-day

Groundhog Day


(E?)(L?) https://www.dictionary.com/e/groundhog-day/

"Groundhog Day" Or "Groundhog’s Day": What’s The Holiday Really Called?

What is "Groundhog Day"? February 2 marks Groundhog Day. While the frost is still thick on the ground in some places of the country, spring may be on the way. Despite all of the fantastic scientific methods man uses to forecast the weather, Groundhog Day always comes down to a chunky little rodent named "Punxsutawney Phil", supposedly named after King Phillip. In a small Pennsylvania town …


(E?)(L?) http://www.friesian.com/grndhog.htm

Groundhog Day, Chinese Astronomy, Halloween, May Day, and other Curiosities
...
"Groundhog Day" is commemorated elsewhere, and there are other groundhogs besides "Phil", each promoted by an interested locality; but "Punxsutawney" seems to get the most media attention and is immortalized in the excellent and imaginative movie "Groundhog Day" [1993], with Bill Murray and Andie MacDowell - although the movie was actually shot in Illinois and not in the real "Punxsutawney" in Pennsylvania. The real "Punxsutawney" does have a town square with an old hotel standing on it, the "historic" Pantal Hotel; but "Gobbler's Nob", where the "Groundhog Day" ceremonies are held, is really on a hill outside of town, not in the town square as shown in the movie. "Phil" normally lives in a "habitat" constructed by the Pittsburgh Zoo in the Punxsutawney Public Library, which does happen to be on one side of the town square.
...


(E?)(L?) http://www.google.com/doodles?hl=de
(E?)(L?) http://www.google.com/doodles?hl=nl
(E?)(L?) http://www.google.com/doodles/groundhogs-day-2000

Groundhog Day 2000 02.02.2000


(E?)(L?) http://www.groundhog.org/


(E?)(L?) http://www.groundhog.org/faq/

Here are some answers to Frequently Asked Questions about the holiday:


(E6)(L?) http://www.holidays.net/dates.htm


(E?)(L?) https://www.huffpost.com/entry/groundhog-day_b_7510950

Francis Levy, Contributor, Writer

Groundhog Day

06/05/2015 12:22 pm ET Updated Dec 06, 2017


(E?)(L?) http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/ads-l/2005-February/subject.html




(E?)(L?) http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/ads-l/2003-February/subject.html




(E?)(L?) http://mentalfloss.com/search?term=Groundhog%20Day




(E?)(L?) https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Groundhog%20Day

"Groundhog Day"

February 2 observed traditionally as a day that indicates six more weeks of winter if sunny or an early spring if cloudy

First Known Use of Groundhog Day: 1871, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for Groundhog Day: from the legend that a groundhog emerging from its burrow returns to hibernate if it sees its shadow on this day


(E?)(L?) https://www.merriam-webster.com/words-at-play/why-dont-we-call-it-woodchuck-day

Word History: Why Don't We Call It "Woodchuck Day"?

The history of "Groundhog Day"
...
While it is unclear what name was given to "February 2nd" prior to this point the holiday appears to have been well-established by the time it began being referred to as "Groundhog Day", as many of the early citations of this use indicate that "El Día de la Marmota" was widely known.
...


(E?)(L?) http://mysterymanonfilm.blogspot.com/2006/09/subtext-groundhog-day.html

Tuesday, September 19, 2006

Subtext – Groundhog Day
...
There's an old saying that goes "dying is easy, comedy is hard". I would imagine that "dramedy" or comedy with dramatic subtext is even harder. That's probably why I have so much respect for one of the true comedic geniuses of our time, Bill Murray and his best role was as Phil Connors, the weatherman stuck inside "Groundhog Day".
...


(E?)(L?) https://nancyfriedman.typepad.com/away_with_words/2018/02/index.html

February 02, 2018

One X at a time, again

Groundhog Day seems like an appropriate occasion to talk about “One X at a time,” the sloganclone that, like "Punxsutawney Phil", keeps popping up. Year after year I point with alarm. And yet the formula thrives, in sunshine and shadow, in winter, spring, summer, and fall. I feel like such a failure.

If I had to identify the source of all this at-a-timing, I might single out “One Day at a Time,” the Norman Lear sitcom that enjoyed a robust run on network TV (1975–1984) and which last year was revived, with substantial changes – chief among them a Cuban-American family at the center of the action – for Netflix. The second season arrived last week, and a third-season renewal was announced on January 30.


(E?)(L?) https://www.nndb.com/people/007/000027923/

...
"Stephen Tobolowsky" is a character actor, appearing in small roles in several films every year. In "Groundhog Day", he was "Ned Ryerson", the annoying insurance salesman who pestered "Bill Murray" every morning. In Mememto, he was "Guy Pearce"'s doppelganger. In "Single White Female", he was "Bridget Fonda"'s leering boss. In "Sneakers", he was the "Passport?" guy. In "Thelma & Louise", he was a dogged FBI agent. In "Spaceballs", he was Captain of the Guard.
...


(E?)(L?) https://www.philamuseum.org/exhibitions/2006/93.html

Andrew Wyeth: Memory and Magic

Companion to a 2006 Philadelphia Museum of Art retrospective of the work of American artist Andrew Wyeth, who died in January 2009. Features an overview of the exhibit, a biography of Wyeth and descriptions of two of his tempera paintings ("Groundhog Day" and "Public Sale"), and a 5-part podcast about Wyeth from a museum curator, covering topics of surrealism, memory, magic, and portraits in the exhibition. From the Philadelphia Museum of Art.


(E?)(L?) http://www.quotegarden.com/groundhog-day.html

Quotations for "Groundhog Day"


(E?)(L?) https://www.scripts.com/script/groundhog_day_9364

Groundhog Day


(E?)(L?) http://www.stormfax.com/ghogday.htm

...
The earliest American reference to "Groundhog Day" can be found at the Pennsylvania Dutch Folklore Center at Franklin and Marshall College:

February 4, 1841 - from Morgantown, Berks County (Pennsylvania) storekeeper James Morris' diary... "Last Tuesday, the 2nd, was "Candlemas day", the day on which, according to the Germans, the "Groundhog" peeps out of his winter quarters and if he sees his shadow he pops back for another six weeks nap, but if the day be cloudy he remains out, as the weather is to be moderate."
...


(E?)(L?) https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Groundhog+Day

Groundhog Day


(E?)(L?) https://www.theguardian.com/film/groundhog-day

Groundhog Day


(E?)(L?) http://verbmall.blogspot.com/2013/02/

Saturday, February 02, 2013

Today is "Groundhog Day". Also known as a "woodchuck", the animal is basically a squirrel on steroids. It is a "rodent" [dt. "Nagetier"], which means that it "gnaws" [dt. "nagen"] incessantly.

The word "rodent" comes from the Latin verb "rodere", "to gnaw", "eat away", or "erode". It started off meaning "corrosive", then "erosive", then became a "classification for gnawing mammals". Common words based on the Latin verb include "corrode", "erode", the aforementioned "rodent", and "rostrum". "Rostrum"?!

I was startled to see "rostrum" in the list when I did a wildcard search on the online Oxford English Dictionary. It’s a platform or stage, a structure used by public speakers or by music conductors. But how does that fit in with "gnawing"? It turns out that the original "rostrum" stood in the Forum of ancient Rome. It was decorated with the beakheads of captured warships. "Beaks" . . . "gnawing" — there’s the connection.


(E?)(L?) https://www.visualthesaurus.com/portlets/wod/?y=2009&m=02&d=1&mode=m

Monday, February 2nd

"quarter day"

Accounts Receivable Word of the Day:

And you thought today was just "Groundhog Day"! North of the border (that would be the England / Scotland border) today is better known as one of the "quarter days", the four of which divide the year into quarters and on which certain payments were historically due.


(E?)(L?) https://www.visualthesaurus.com/portlets/wod/?y=2007&m=02&d=1&mode=m

Friday, February 2nd

"Candlemas"

Festive Occasions Word of the Day:

The day is rife with calendrical significance. Honors go to "Candlemas" for being the most august of the day's celebrations, marking the Purification of the Virgin. But it's also a "cross-quarter day" (midway between equinox and "solstice"), and who can overlook the fact that it's "Groundhog Day", with a full moon to boot!


(E1)(L1) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Groundhog_Day

...
History

The "groundhog" ("Marmota monax") is a rodent of the family Sciuridae, belonging to the group of large ground squirrels.

The observance of "Groundhog Day" in the United States first occurred in German communities in Pennsylvania, according to known records.

The earliest mention of "Groundhog Day" is an entry on February 2, 1840, in the diary of James L. Morris of Morgantown, in Pennsylvania Dutch Country, according to the book on the subject by Don Yoder. This was a Welsh enclave but the diarist was commenting on his neighbors who were of German stock.
...
Punxsutawney today

The largest "Groundhog Day" celebration is held in "Punxsutawney", Pennsylvania, where crowds as large as 40,000 gather each year (nearly eight times the year-round population of the town). The average draw had been about 2,000 until the 1993 movie "Groundhog Day", which is set at the festivities in Punxsutawney, after which attendance rose to about 10,000. The official "Phil" is pretended to be a supercentenarian, having been the same forecasting beast since 1887. In 2019, the 133rd year of the tradition, the groundhog was summoned to come out at 7:25 am on February 2, but did not see its shadow. Fans of Punxsutawney Phil awaited his arrival starting at 6:00 a.m., thanks to a live stream provided by Visit Pennsylvania. The live stream has been a tradition for the past several years, allowing more people than ever to watch the animal meteorologist.
...
Origins

The Pennsylvania Dutch were immigrants from German-speaking areas of Europe. The Germans already had a tradition of marking "Candlemas" (February 2) as "Badger Day" ("Dachstag"), where if a badger emerging found it to be a sunny day thereby casting a shadow, it foreboded the prolonging of winter by four more weeks.
...


(E?)(L?) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Dismemberment_Plan#cite_note-1

"The Dismemberment Plan": According to lead singer Travis Morrison, this Washington, DC band's name was inspired by part of a line in the movie "Groundhog Day", in which "[t]here's a guy who chases after Bill Murray and tries to keep selling him different types of insurance and "the dismemberment plan" was one of them. It just stuck."

"The Dismemberment Plan" was a Washington D.C. based indie rock band formed on January 1, 1993. Also known as "D-Plan" or "The Plan", the name came from a stray phrase uttered by insurance salesman Ned Ryerson in the popular comedy "Groundhog Day".
...


(E?)(L?) https://xkcd.com/archive/
(E?)(L?) https://xkcd.com/1076/

yaD gohdnuorG - Groundhog Day


(E?)(L?) https://www.yourdictionary.com/groundhog-day

Groundhog Day


(E?)(L?) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EfkvaXDouN4
Film: Groundhog Day 2006

(E1)(L1) http://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?corpus=0&content=Groundhog Day
Abfrage im Google-Corpus mit 15Mio. eingescannter Bücher von 1500 bis heute.

Engl. "Groundhog Day" taucht in der Literatur um das Jahr 1900 auf.

Erstellt: 2019-06

1887-02-02 - M
Welthauptstadt des Wetters
Groundhogesisch
Murmeltiertag
Murmeltierisch

Rund um das Städtchen "Punxsutawney" im US-Bundesstaat Pennsylvania ging im Jahr 1887 eine Gruppe junger Männer im nahegelegenen Wald auf einen Hügel, um dort einem "Murmeltier" aufzulauern.

Seitdem gilt das "Groundhog", wie das "Murmeltier" im Englischen heisst als wetter-kompetent. Der Hügel mit dem Namen "Gobblers Knob" wurde zum Mekka der Murmeltier-Anhänger. "Punxsutawney" nennt sich inzwischen stolz "Welthauptstadt des Wetters" und feiert jährlich den "Groundhog Day".

(E?)(L?) http://www.brauchtumsseiten.de/a-z/m/murmeltiertag/home.html

Murmeltiertag - In den USA feiert man am 2.Februar den "Groundhog Day", also den Tag des Murmeltiers
...
Der Tag und sein dazugehöriger Brauch stammen von einem alten Mythos, der besagt, überwinternde Tiere würden bei ihrem Hervorkommen die Ankunft des Frühlings vorherzusagen daher stammt als auch die Legende, wenn das Murmeltier "Phil" bei seinem ersten Ausblick aus dem Erdloch einen Schatten wirft, wird der Region noch für mindestens sechs Wochen der harte Winter bleiben. Ist demgegenüber aber kein Schatten zu sehen, so beginnt der Frühling

Viele tausend Besucher strömen jedes Jahr in der Nacht vom 1. auf den 2. Februar nach Punxsutawney, um dort zu erleben, wie der Vorsitzende des Murmeltiervereins Phil aus seinem Winterschlaf in einem Baumstumpf weckt und dann exklusiv von diesem erfährt, ob er beim Erwachen seinen Schatten gesehen hat oder nicht.

Punxsutawney ist eine Kleinstadt im US-Bundesstaat Pennsylvania.

International bekannt geworden sind Punxsutawney und der Murmeltiertag 1993 durch den Kinofilm "Und täglich grüßt das Murmeltier" (Originaltitel: "Groundhog Day") mit Bill Murray und Andie MacDowell in den Hauptrollen.


(E?)(L?) http://www.kleine-zeitung.at/nachrichten/chronik/334117/index.do

Murmeltier "Phil" verrät uns den Frühlingsbeginn

Und täglich grüßt das Murmeltier: Alljährlich pilgern rund 30.000 Besucher nach Punxsutawney (Pennsylvania) und warten, ob Murmeltier "Phil" einen Schatten wirft.
...
Einmal im Jahr wird Murmeltier "Phil" zum Weltstar und eine kleine amerikanische Gemeinde rückt in die Schlagzeilen. An diesem Freitag (2. Februar) ist es wieder so weit. Dann ist "Groundhog Day", der Murmeltiertag, an dem Amerika und der Rest der Welt erfahren, wann der Frühling Einzug hält.
...
Filmhit:
Willkommen in Punxsutawney im US-Staat Pennsylvania. Wer den Namen der 6.000-Seelen-Gemeinde aussprechen will, liegt mit "Panxatoni" ungefähr richtig. Spätestens seit dem Filmhit "Und täglich grüßt das Murmeltier" von 1993, der auch in Europa zum Kinoschlager wurde, ist der Ort weit über die USA hinaus ein Begriff.
Im Mittelpunkt der Komödie steht ein ichbezogener TV-Meteorologe (Bill Murray), der es leid ist, alle Jahre wieder für seine Fernsehstation über den "Groundhog Day" aus Punxsutawney berichten zu müssen. Zur Strafe bleibt für ihn die Zeit sozusagen stehen. Jeden Morgen wacht er auf um zu erfahren, dass es wieder der 2. Februar ist, wieder der "Murmeltier-Tag". Erst als sich der Egozentriker läutert und die wahren Werte im Leben erkennt, bricht für ihn der 3. Februar an.
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Die alljährliche Tradition an Maria Lichtmess - ungefähr in der Mitte zwischen dem kalendarischen Winter- und Frühlingsanfang - geht auf das 19. Jahrhundert zurück. Brauchtumsforscher glauben, dass sie ihren Ursprung in Legenden amerikanischer Ureinwohner und deutscher Siedler hat, die dann miteinander verschmolzen. Danach glaubte ein seinerzeit in Punxsutawney lebender Indianerstamm, dass seine Vorfahren Murmeltiere waren. Die christlichen Siedler wiederum brachten die "Weisheit" mit, dass ein Murmeltier an Maria Lichtmess aus dem Winterschlag aufwacht und sich wieder für weitere sechs Wochen in seinen Bau zurückzieht, wenn es seinen Schatten sieht.
...
120 Jahre alt:

Wurde der "Groundhog Day" erstmals 1841 im Tagebuch eines Geschäftsbesitzers in Pennsylvania erwähnt, pilgerten die Menschen zum ersten Mal am 2. Februar 1887 offiziell nach Gobbler's Knob, um ihren "Punxsutawney Phil" zu wecken. So lange gibt es ihn schon, und das macht ihn stolze 120 Jahre alt. Zu verdanken hat "Phil" seine ungewöhnlich lange Lebensdauer - das Natur-Lexikon etwa räumt Murmeltieren nur bis zu 15 Jahre ein - einem nach einem Geheimrezept zusammengebrauten Lebenselixier. "Phil" schlürft das jeden Sommer und gewinnt damit jedes Mal sieben weitere Lebensjahre, wie der "Groundhog Club" auf seiner offiziellen Webseite verrät. Da verbietet es sich natürlich von vornherein zu fragen, wie viele "Phils" es mittlerweile gegeben hat. Dick und rund waren sie alle.
...
Das Prozedere

"Phils" Prognose wird feierlich verkündet, nachdem er sie dem jeweiligen Präsidenten des Führungszirkels zugemurmelt hat - wie könnte er auch anders. Nur der "Chef" persönlich - das ist zur Zeit Bill Cooper - kann die auf "Groundhogesisch", sprich auf Murmeltierisch, mitgeteilte Botschaft verstehen und übersetzt sie dann für alle Welt ins Englische.


(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murmeltiertag


(E?)(L?) https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Und_täglich_grüßt_das_Murmeltier

"Und täglich grüßt das Murmeltier" (Originaltitel: "Groundhog Day") ist eine US-amerikanische Filmkomödie aus dem Jahr 1993. Bill Murray spielt darin einen arroganten, egozentrischen und zynischen Wetteransager, der in einer Zeitschleife festsitzt und ein und denselben Tag immer wieder erlebt, bis er als geläuterter Mann sein Leben fortsetzen kann. Regie führte Harold Ramis.
...


Erstellt: 2019-06

1959-02-02
The day the music died
Der Tag, an dem die Musik starb
American Pie

Am 03. Februar 1959 stürzte in IOwa ein kleiner Flugzeug, kurz nach der Landung ab. Die Insassen Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J.P. Richardson (genannt "The Big Bopper") starben bei diesem Unglück.

Die Anspielung, dass mit dem Tod der drei grossen Musikern auch die Musik zu Grabe getragen, kam 1971 auf und wird mit dem Lied "American Pie", von Don McLean, in Verbindung gebracht, in dem die Phrase "The Day The Music Died" vorkommt.

(E?)(L?) http://www.cineclub.de/filmarchiv/american_pie.html
Im Film "American Pie" spielt der Apfelkuchen eine heiße Rolle.

(E?)(L?) http://www.djfl.de/entertainment/djfl/a.html
American Pie | American Pie 2 | American Pie - Jetzt wird geheiratet

(E?)(L?) http://www.moviemaze.de/media/trailer/
American Pie - Jetzt wird geheiratet | American Pie - Wie ein heißer Apfelkuchen | American Pie 2

(E?)(L?) http://www.swr.de/swr1/bw/musik/musiklexikon/-/id=446280/nid=446280/did=714274/hmp15l/index.html


(E?)(L?) http://www.swr.de/swr1/bw/musik/musiklexikon/-/id=446280/nid=446280/did=484792/1ip95sm/index.html
Mc Lean, Don: American Pie Part1


...
Aber der Februar ließ mich erzittern
Mit jeder Zeitung, die ich austrug
Legte ich schlechte Nachrichten vor die Haustreppen
Ich konnte keine weitere Stufe mehr nehmen
Ich weiß nicht mehr, ob ich geweint habe
Als ich von der jungen Witwenbraut las
Aber tief in mir hat es mich berührt
Der Tag an dem diese Musik starb
...


(E?)(L1) http://www.top40db.net/Find/Songs.asp?By=Year&ID=1971


(E?)(L?) http://www.top40db.net/Lyrics/?SongID=71008&By=Year&Match=
American Pie - by Don McLean


...
But February made me shiver
With every paper I'd deliver
Bad news on the doorstep
I couldn't take one more step
I can't remember if I cried
When I read about his widowed bride
But something touched me deep inside
The day the music died, so
...


(E?)(L1) http://www.top40db.net/Find/Songs.asp?By=Year&ID=2000


(E?)(L?) http://www.top40db.net/Lyrics/?SongID=56&By=Year&Match=
American Pie - by Madonna


...
I was a lonely teenage broncin buck
With a pink carnation and a pickup truck
But I knew that I was out of luck
The day the music died
I started singin
...


(E?)(L1) http://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=american+pie
american pie

(E?)(L?) http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Day_the_Music_Died

...
Die Bezeichnung "The Day The Music Died" (zu deutsch: "Der Tag, an dem die Musik starb") bezieht sich auf einen Flugzeugabsturz am 3. Februar 1959, bei dem die Musiker Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens und Jiles Perry Richardson ("The Big Bopper") ums Leben kamen.


YYYY-02-03

YYYY-02-03
Laugh And Grow Rich Day



YYYY-02-03
Tag des Wettermanns / der Wetterfrau (US)



YYYY-02-04

YYYY-02-05

1744-02-05
Weatherperson's Day
Weatherman's Day

Am 05. Februar 1744 wurde John Jeffries geboren. Er war einer der ersten, der das Wetter in den USA systematisch beobachtete. Im 18. Jh. waren Instrumente zur Wetterbeobachtung und -aufzeichnung noch sehr selten. Aber dieser Mangel konnte durch eine gute Beobachtungsgabe ausgeglichen werden. Harold Gibson, Chef-Meteorologist des New York City's Weather Bureau, formulierte diese so: "The best weather instrument yet devised is a pair of human eyes."

YYYY-02-06

YYYY-02-06 - YYYY-02-12
National Pancake Week



YYYY-02-07

YYYY-02-08

YYYY-02-09

YYYY-02-09
Nationaler Zahnschmerz Tag (US)



YYYY-02-09
National Man Day (US)



YYYY-02-10

YYYY-02-10
Satisfied Staying Single Day (US)



YYYY-02-10
Be Electrific Day (US)

(E?)(L?) http://www.electrific.com/
Aus Anlass des Geburtstages von Thomas Alva Edison.

YYYY-02-11

YYYY-02-12

YYYY-02-12
Lost Penny Day



YYYY-02-12
Lincoln's Birthday

(E6)(L?) http://www.holidays.net/dates.htm
President Abraham Lincoln's Birthday (16th President)

YYYY-02-13

YYYY-02-13
Get A Different Name Day (US)

(E?)(L?) http://www.wellcat.com/
Erfunden für die vielen Menschen, die angeblich ihren Geburtsnamen hassen.

YYYY-02-14

YYYY-02-15

YYYY-02-16

YYYY-02-16
Presidents' Day

(E6)(L?) http://www.holidays.net/dates.htm


YYYY-02-17

YYYY-02-18

YYYY-02-19

YYYY-02-20

YYYY-02-21

YYYY-02-21
Mother Language Day (UN)

Die "Muttersprache", engl. "mother tongue", verweist auf die Sprache, die man auf den Knien der Mutter lernt.

Von den 6.000 - 7.000 Sprachen der Welt gelten 50% als gefährdet. Ein drittel aller Sprachen werden in Asien gesprochen, ein weiters drittel in Afrika. Allein in Nigeria gibt es 400 Sprachen.

Elf Sprachen werden von mindestens 100 Millionen Menschen gesprochen (zusamen etwa 51% der Menschen):Arabisch, Arabic | Bengali, Bengali | Deutsch, German | Englisch, English | Französisch, French | Hindi, Hindi | Japanisch, Japanese | Mandarin Chinesisch, Mandarin Chinese | Portugisisch, Portuguese | Russisch, Russian | Spanisch, Spanish.

Weitere 44% der Weltbevölkerung spricht eine von 200 Sprachen Daraus ergibt sich, daß 95% der Sprachen der Welt von 5% der Menschen gesprochen werden.

YYYY-02-22

YYYY-02-22
National Chili Day

(E?)(L?) http://www.brownielocks.com/february.html


YYYY-02-22
Washington's Birthday

(E6)(L?) http://www.holidays.net/dates.htm
President George Washington's Birthday (1st President)

YYYY-02-23

YYYY-02-23
Curling Is Cool Day



YYYY-02-24

YYYY-02-25

YYYY-02-25
Spy Day

Tierärzte in den USA informieren heute über Sterilisation und Kastration von Katzen und Hunden und deren Wichtigkeit

Engl. "to spay an animal" bedeutet "Sterilisation durch Entfernen der Eierstöcke". Das Wort "spay" geht zurück auf lat. "spatha" = "breites Schwert". Das Verb mfrz. "espeer" = "mit einem Schwert durchtrennen" wanderte um 1400 in England ein.

Interessanterweise entwickelte sich die Vergangenheitsform (Präteritum) "spayed" zu einem Präsens "spade" = "spay", der seinerseits dann wieder die Vergangenheitsform "spaded" hervorbrachte. Aber beide Formen "spade" und "spaded" findet man kaum in schriftlicher Form.

(E?)(L?) http://www.ddaf.org/SpayDay/spaydayq&a.html


YYYY-02-26

YYYY-02-26
Introduce A Girl To Engineering Day



YYYY-02-26
Baha'i Intercalary Days (Ayyam-I-Ha)

(E6)(L?) http://www.holidays.net/dates.htm


YYYY-02-27

YYYY-02-28

YYYY-02-28
Blueberry Pancake Day



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YYYY-02-31