Etymologie, Etimología, Étymologie, Etimologia, Etymology
UK Vereinigtes Königreich Großbritannien und Nordirland, Reino Unido de Gran Bretaña e Irlanda del Norte, Royaume-Uni de Grande-Bretagne et d'Irlande du Nord, Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna e Irlanda del Nord, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
FR-Ismen

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getwords.com
Words of French origin
Many words from French are used in English

(E?)(L?) http://getwords.com/unit/279/ip:1/il:W




Erstellt: 2020-05

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thoughtco.com - ToE
Terms of Enrichment: How French Has Influenced English
Their Intertwined History, and Shared Words and Expressions

(E?)(L?) https://www.thoughtco.com/how-french-has-influenced-english-1371255

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History

Without going into too much detail, here is a little background about other languages that have also shaped English. The language grew out of the dialects of three German tribes (Angles, Jutes, and Saxons) who settled in Britain around 450 A.D. This group of dialects forms what we refer to as Anglo-Saxon, which gradually developed into Old English. The Germanic base was influenced in varying degrees by Celtic, Latin, and Old Norse.

Bill Bryson, a noted American linguist of the English language, calls the Norman conquest of 1066 the "final cataclysm [that] awaited the English language." When William the Conqueror became king of England, French took over as the language of the courts, administration, and literature—and stayed there for 300 years.
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Grammar

Another rare but interesting remnant of French influence is in the word order of expressions like secretary general and surgeon general, where English has retained the noun + adjective word order typical in French, rather than the usual adjective + noun sequence used in English.
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The following is a list of words and expressions of French origin that are commonly used in English.

French Words and Phrases Related to the Arts

French - English (literal) - Explanation

French Ballet Terms Used in English

French has also given English scores of words in the domain of ballet. The literal meanings of the adopted French words are below.

French - English

Food and Cooking Terms

In addition to the below, French has given us the following food-related terms: blanch (to lighten in color, parboil; from blanchir), sauté (fried over high heat), fondue (melted), purée (crushed), flambée (burned).

French - English (literal) - Explanation

Fashion and Style

French - English (literal) - Explanation


Erstellt: 2020-06

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